Obesity is a major type 2 diabetes cause. Obesity and type 2 diabetes are closely interrelated. Statistical studies conducted around the world, have found a connection between the obesity and type 2 diabetes growth rate. The vast majority of people with type 2 diabetes (approximately 80%) are overweight or obese.
Currently (2014), the number of people with type 2 diabetes is about 300 million people. The World Health Organization (WHO) predicts an increase in type 2 diabetes incidence to 380 million people by 2025.
Obesity and type 2 diabetes can cause disability at a young age. Increased incidence of obesity in children adversely affects type 2 diabetes statistics.
Type 2 diabetes treatment in obese patients is a difficult task, because in type 2 diabetes the metabolism is compromised. Metabolism is a fundamental life process of the whole organism. Metabolic syndrome in a patient increases chronic diseases risk.
Obesity and type 2 diabetes are chronic diseases that require long-term treatment. Type 2 diabetes patients should maintain lifelong control of blood plasma glucose levels and cardiovascular system state.
Overweight or obese people should control the sugar content in the urine. This is especially recommended for obese people over 35 – 40 years. Obesity leads to metabolic disorders, increases patient’s blood and urine sugar levels and can cause type 2 diabetes.
At type 2 diabetes symptoms manifestation (excessive thirst, frequent and strong urge to urinate, rapid weight loss for unknown reasons, constant apathy, irritability, weakness, drowsiness, fatigue, vomiturition), a person should immediately undergo a medical examination.
Diagnosis of type 2 diabetes in the early stages contributes to the successful treatment and reduces side effects risk. If obese patient is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, he is recommended constant medical supervision.
Type 2 diabetes increases the blood glucose concentration and can cause cardiovascular and nervous systems complications (risk of heart attack or stroke, poor circulation, numbness in the legs, acute kidney diseases).
There are several basic type 2 diabetes treatment methods:
- Keeping to a diet and lifestyle changes help reduce the cardiovascular system load. Balanced diet includes reducing fat consumption and improves metabolism.
- Drug treatment is recommended to start with hypoglycemic agents or insulin. Dosage of antidiabetic drugs or insulin should help normalize blood glucose levels. Type 2 diabetes patients are recommended to use drugs that have a positive effect on cardiovascular system.
- Surgical obesity treatment is usually used, because other treatment methods may be contraindicated in type 2 diabetes. Surgical treatment ensures a quick excessive weight loss possibility.
- Combined treatment
As practice shows, a type 2 diabetes patient can live a long and dignified life. Timely type 2 diabetes treatment and control usually reduces the comorbidities risk and helps avoiding complications. Long-term clinical studies conducted in the UK, revealed that the decrease in hemoglobin level by 1% contributes to:
- Reduction of the eyes, kidneys and nerves complications by 30%
- Reduction in the risk of coronary heart disease clinical forms by 17%
- Cerebral circulation improvement by 15%.
Type 2 diabetes is in the high mortality rate diseases group. Therefore, type 2 diabetes treatment and prevention is a priority in national health systems of all countries.