CAUSES OF OBESITY

The main obesity cause is unhealthy lifestyle – overeating and low level of physical activity. There is another factor, causing the accumulation of fat deposits. It is hereditary predisposition.

Certain events may provoke overweight or obesity. These are long-term treatment, psychological trauma, intense hormonal therapy, chronic diseases, pregnancy and labor. Thus, when making a weight loss program, you should take into account obesity causes.

Hereditary factors

Genetic predisposition to overweight is one of the most significant factors in choosing the anti-obesity treatment course. It happens that all family members are prone to obesity and it is unclear what causes are primary, either hereditary factors or family eating habits (for instance, preference for fatty foods).

People, who have many overweight relatives, are at high risk of becoming obese and getting some chronic diseases. If you have a heartache and you apply for a medical help, the first question you will be asked is: “Do you have any obese relatives?”

The number of overweight newborns to obese parents increases every year. In such families, children with normal weight are still in the risk group. In this situation, preventive measures against obesity must be taken.

Hereditary factors are quite dangerous in childhood. In order to avoid problems in adulthood, parents should influence on the formation of their children’s eating habits. Genetic predisposition to obesity must be considered during hormonal changes (for instance, during pregnancy).

Overeating

Eating great amounts of high-calorie food is the most obvious cause of obesity. If you consume more calories that your body needs for a normal functioning, then this will increase your body weight inevitably.

Considering this, it is not difficult to lose weight, all you need is to eat less food and you will not become obese. But in reality, things are a little bit different. Appetite is the biggest problem in anti-obesity treatment.

Hunger is a special but natural feeling, signalizing that our body needs macro- and micro-elements. This is one of the most important needs of our body. Therefore, it is senseless to fight your appetite by starving yourself.

Low physical activity

A sedentary lifestyle is a factor that greatly increases the risk of overweight and obesity. At first, it seems clear – the less muscle work, the less calories your body needs. If you consume a lot of food, your body stores extra energy as adipose cells.

Another important fact has to be noted: the muscle work affects most physiological processes in the body. Low level of physical activity negatively affects the immunity and metabolism. Metabolic imbalance is closely linked to obesity.

To prevent and cure obesity, people should be physically active at least 30-40 minutes a day. It is recommended to attend gym or do some active sports several times a week. Heavy physical work can also prevent obesity.

Obesity treatment

A successful obesity treatment must be based on elimination of factors that caused overweight. If obesity causes are not considered, the body weight returns to baseline after the treatment. Sometimes, a patient gains even more body weight than before the treatment course.

Low-calorie diets and increased physical activity provide a temporary effect. To prevent the regain of body weight, complex measures are required. People, who managed to cure obesity, must do their best not to return to their old lifestyle.

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